Induction of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) lytic cycle in vitro causes oxidative stress in lymphoblastoid B cell lines
Gargouri, Bochra × van Pelt, Jos El Feki, Abd El Fatteh Attia, Hammadi Lassoued, Saloua #
Molecular and cellular biochemistry vol:324 issue:1-2 pages:55-63
Here, we investigated the effect of induction of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) viral lytic cycle on the oxidant/antioxidant balance in three lymphoblastoid cell lines: B95-8, Raji, and LCL C1. The induction of the EBV lytic cycle was done by a non-stressing dose of 12-0-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (8 nM). Oxidative stress was assessed by measuring malondialdehyde as a parameter of lipid peroxidation, the levels of glutathione, and the activities of three antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase). After 48 h (peak of lytic cycle), a significant decrease in superoxide dismutase activity was observed in B95-8, Raji, and LCL C1 cells (P < 0.05). In addition, in B95-8 cells also a significant decrease of catalase activity was detected (P < 0.05). The glutathione peroxidase activity and the glutathione level were not significantly modified by the induction in any of the cell lines. We found a significant rise in malondialdehyde levels in B95-8, Raji, and LCL C1 cells after the induction of the lytic cycle compared to controls (P < 0.05). In conclusion, induction of EBV lytic cycle in lymphoblastoid cells causes increased oxidative stress in the host cells within 48 h, a process that could be involved in malignant transformations.