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Title: Demonstration of a glycogen/glucose 1-phosphate cycle in hepatocytes from fasted rats. Selective inactivation of phosphorylase by 2-deoxy-2-fluoro-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl fluoride
Authors: Massillon, D ×
Bollen, Mathieu
De Wulf, H
Overloop, K
Vanstapel, Florent
Van Hecke, P
Stalmans, Willy #
Issue Date: Sep-1995
Series Title: Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:270 issue:33 pages:19351-6
Abstract: In search for a nonmetabolized, superior glucose analogue to study the mechanism of glucose-induced glycogen synthesis, we have tested 2-deoxy-2-fluoro-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl fluoride, which inhibits muscle phosphorylase beta 10-fold better than dose glucose (Street, I.P., Armstrong, C.R., and Withers, S.G. (1986) Biochemistry 25, 6021-6027). In a gel-filtered liver extract, 0.6 mM analogue and 10 mM glucose equally accelerated the inactivation of phosphorylase and shortened the latency before the activation of glycogen synthase. The analogue was not measurably defluorinated or phosphorylated by intact hepatocytes, as monitored by 19F NMR. When added to isolated hepatocytes, 10 mM analogue inactivated phosphorylase more extensively than did 50 mM glucose, but unlike glucose, it did not result in the activation of glycogen synthase. Therefore, the binding of glucose to phosphorylase alpha can account for the inactivation of phosphorylase, but the metabolism of glucose (probably to Glc-6-P) appears to be required to achieve activation of glycogen synthase. The livers of overnight-fasted, anesthetized mice contained appreciable amounts of both phosphorylase alpha and glycogen synthase alpha, without net glycogen accumulation. Likewise, hepatocytes isolated from fasted rats and incubated with 10 mM glucose contained 41% of phosphorylase and 32% of glycogen synthase in the alpha form, and these values remained stable for 1 h, while glycogen accumulated at only 22% of the rate expected from the glycogen synthase activity. The addition of 10 mM analogue decreased phosphorylase alpha to 10% without significant change in glycogen synthase alpha (38%), but with a 4-fold increased rate of glycogen accumulation. These findings imply that synthase alpha is fully active in the liver of the fasted animal and that the absence of net glycogen synthesis is due to continuous glycogenolysis by phosphorylase alpha.
ISSN: 0021-9258
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Biosignaling & Therapeutics
Laboratory of Clinical Bacteriology and Mycology
Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine - miscellaneous
Biochemistry Section (Medicine) (-)
Biomedical Quality Assurance Research Unit
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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