Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:268 issue:20 pages:15267-76
The trimeric form of protein phosphatase 2A consisting of 36-, 65-, and 72-kDa subunits (previously termed polycation-stimulated protein phosphatase M) was purified from rabbit skeletal muscle. Amino acid sequence data of the 72-kDa regulatory subunit (termed PR72) were used to isolate cDNAs from human heart and fetal brain libraries and libraries derived from WI-38 and MCF-7 cells. The clones isolated from the heart cDNA library revealed an open reading frame encoding a protein with a predicted molecular mass of 62 kDa. All the peptides sequenced from the protein matched with the sequence predicted from the cDNA. However, in vitro transcription and translation from this cDNA yielded a protein with an apparent molecular mass of 72 kDa on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gels. From brain we isolated cDNA clones spanning an open reading frame encoding a 130-kDa protein (termed PR130). The apparent molecular mass of the protein produced by in vitro transcription and translation was 130 kDa. This protein has exactly the same deduced C-terminal protein sequence as the PR72 subunit from amino acids 45 to 527 but has an N-terminal extension of 665 amino acids. It is likely, therefore, that these two proteins arise from the same gene by alternative splicing. In human tissues several transcripts were detected by Northern analysis generated probably by the use of different polyadenylation signals and alternative splicing. High levels of the PR72 mRNAs were detected in heart and muscle, while lower levels of PR130 transcripts were found in heart, brain, placenta, lung, muscle, and kidney.