Title: Crustacean hyperglycaemic hormone (CHH)-like peptides and CHH-precursor-related peptides from pericardial organ neurosecretory cells in the shore crab, Carcinus maenas, are putatively spliced and modified products of multiple genes
Authors: Dircksen, H ×
Böcking, D
Heyn, U
Mandel, C
Chung, J S
Baggerman, Geert
Verhaert, Peter
Daufeldt, S
Plösch, T
Jaros, P P
Waelkens, Etienne
Keller, R
Webster, S G #
Issue Date: May-2001
Publisher: Published by Portland Press on behalf of the Biochemical Society
Series Title: Biochemical Journal vol:356 issue:Pt 1 pages:159-170
Abstract: About 24 intrinsic neurosecretory neurons within the pericardial organs (POs) of the crab Carcinus maenas produce a novel crustacean hyperglycaemic hormone (CHH)-like peptide (PO-CHH) and two CHH-precursor-related peptides (PO-CPRP I and II) as identified immunochemically and by peptide chemistry. Edman sequencing and MS revealed PO-CHH as a 73 amino acid peptide (8630 Da) with a free C-terminus. PO-CHH and sinus gland CHH (SG-CHH) share an identical N-terminal sequence, positions 1-40, but the remaining sequence, positions 41-73 or 41-72, differs considerably. PO-CHH may have different precursors, as cDNA cloning of PO-derived mRNAs has revealed several similar forms, one exactly encoding the peptide. All PO-CHH cDNAs contain a nucleotide stretch coding for the SG-CHH(41-76) sequence in the 3'-untranslated region (UTR). Cloning of crab testis genomic DNA revealed at least four CHH genes, the structure of which suggest that PO-CHH and SG-CHH arise by alternative splicing of precursors and possibly post-transcriptional modification of PO-CHH. The genes encode four exons, separated by three variable introns, encoding part of a signal peptide (exon I), the remaining signal peptide residues, a CPRP, the PO-CHH(1-40)/SG-CHH(1-40) sequences (exon II), the remaining PO-CHH residues (exon III) and the remaining SG-CHH residues and a 3'-UTR (exon IV). Precursor and gene structures are more closely related to those encoding related insect ion-transport peptides than to penaeid shrimp CHH genes. PO-CHH neither exhibits hyperglycaemic activity in vivo, nor does it inhibit Y-organ ecdysteroid synthesis in vitro. From the morphology of the neurons it seems likely that novel functions remain to be discovered.
ISSN: 0264-6021
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Microbial and Molecular Systems - miscellaneous
Laboratory of Protein Phosphorylation and Proteomics
Animal Physiology and Neurobiology Section - miscellaneous
Laboratory of Phosphoproteomics (-)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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