Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:270 issue:18 pages:11004-11
Expression of the muscle-specific 2a isoform of the sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase (SERCA2) requires activation of an otherwise inefficient splicing process at the 3'-end of the primary gene transcript. The sequence and topology requirements for this regulated splicing event were studied in the BC3H1 myogenic cell line using a minigene containing the 3'-end of the SERCA2 gene. In undifferentiated BC3H1 cells, the splice process is made inefficient by the presence of a weak muscle-type 5'-donor site (5'D1) and a long terminal intron. Both optimizing the 5'D1 and decreasing the length of the muscle-specific intron, induced muscle-type splicing in undifferentiated myogenic cells. Moreover, the induction of muscle-type transcripts was only observed when two competing processing sites, the polyadenylation site (pAu) used in non-muscle cells and the second neuronal 5'-donor site (5'D2), were weak. Indeed, making 5'D2 consensus induced neuronal-type splicing in undifferentiated myocytes and prevented the appearance of muscle-type transcripts. Similarly, replacing the polyadenylation site (pAu) with a strong site almost completely inhibited muscle-type splicing after myogenic differentiation. We conclude that weak processing sites and a long terminal intron are required for tissue-dependent mRNA processing of the SERCA2 transcript.