Pflügers Archiv : European journal of physiology. vol:442 issue:2 pages:273-9
Using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique, we have studied the electrophysiological and pharmacological properties of the Ca(2+)-activated Cl- current present in Ehrlich cells. The currents activated slowly upon depolarization, deactivated upon hyperpolarization, and showed strong outward rectification. An increase in [Ca2+]i activated the current with an EC50 of 165.2 nM. Extracellular application of niflumic acid (100 microM) rapidly blocked the current in a voltage-dependent manner whereas sulfhydryl-modifying agents such as dithiothreitol (DTT, 1-2 mM) and N-ethylmaleimide (NEM, 100 microM) had no effect on Ca(2+)-activated currents in Ehrlich cells. Members of the recently discovered CLCA gene family are the only molecular candidates for Ca(2+)-activated Cl- channels cloned so far. Using RT-PCR we demonstrated that the appearance of a Ca(2+)-activated Cl- current in Ehrlich cells is not associated with the expression of the murine members of the CLCA family (mCLCA1-mCLCA3). Correspondingly, the kinetic and pharmacological properties of the Ca(2+)-activated current in Ehrlich cells differ from those of CLCA-associated currents, which are time independent and DTT sensitive. Thus, phenotypic differences in combination with RT-PCR data point to the existence of different molecular species for Ca(2+)-activated Cl- channels.