European Journal of Biochemistry vol:182 issue:1 pages:195-202
The phosphorylation in vitro, on serine residues by endogenous casein kinase 2, of the clathrin beta light chain (33 kDa) of rat liver coated vesicles requires the presence of poly(L-lysine) which acts through binding to the beta light chain. The phosphorylation of other proteins is also increased in the presence of poly(L-lysine) and casein kinase 2. In contrast, the phosphorylation of the upper band of the 50-kDa protein doublet from rat liver coated vesicles is inhibited. Rat liver coated vesicles display a protein phosphatase activity which preferentially dephosphorylates clathrin beta light chain. This activity is different from the protein phosphatase which dephosphorylates the 50-kDa protein. This enzyme seems to be unrelated to the ATP/Mg-dependent protein phosphatase, or the polycation-stimulated protein phosphatases, which dephosphorylate the 50-kDa protein and beta light chain very efficiently, but with a different specificity. After dissociation of coated vesicles the beta-light-chain phosphatase activity is recovered in the membrane fraction. This phosphatase activity is inhibited by 50 microM orthovanadate and 5 mM p-nitrophenyl phosphate but not by 10 mM EDTA.