The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology. vol:48 issue:4 pages:317-23
Comparable fragments of the androgen receptor (AR) (amino acids 540-607) and of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) (amino acids 412-515) were expressed in E. coli as fusion proteins with protein A. Both fusion proteins, denoted ARF1 and GRF1, contain the DNA-binding domain and some flanking amino acids. In vitro binding assays have shown that both fusion proteins interact with androgen/glucocorticoid response elements (ARE/GREs) in an intron fragment of the C3(1) gene of the androgen-regulated rat prostatic binding protein and in the typically glucocorticoid-responsive long terminal repeat (LTR) promoter of mouse mammary tumour virus. Present results indicate that the interaction of both ARF1 and GRF1 with the C3(1) as well as the LTR fragments is enhanced in the presence of nuclear extract. The factor that gives rise to this enhancement appears to be ubiquitous and sensitive to trypsin and temperature treatment. In the C3(1) fragment, the enhancing effect requires the presence of an intact functional ARE/GRE (Core II) as well as a region spanning the ARE/GRE half-site Core I.