South african journal of animal science-suid-afrikaanse tydskrif vir veekunde vol:29 issue:3 pages:237-244
In South Africa the exact breeding goal for Holstein Friesians still needs to be determined. This means that the traits, which should be most important in selection have to be identified. One method to identify these traits could be to calculate economic weights for production and functional traits. Economic weights calculated in absolute units cannot be compared because some traits are measured in different units. The objective of this study was therefore the calculation of economic weights for production and functional traits, in percentage units, to make a comparison between traits possible. The production traits were milk, butterfat, protein and lactose yield and the functional traits included survival rate, feed efficiency, live weight and calving interval. The study used a simulation model to calculate economic weights. This model included three production enterprises classified according to the production level of the herds. The results show that for all three the production enterprises milk yield is potentially the most important trait to improve in selection, with the second trait being feed efficiency followed by live weight. The results were confirmed by constructing a selection index, including milk yield and live weight, showing that economic improvement with a selection index is about 25% more efficient than direct selection for milk yield alone.