Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America vol:84 issue:1 pages:313-7
The effects of oxytocin and cAMP on ion transport were investigated in toad urinary bladders incubated with Ca2+-free solutions on the apical side. Under these conditions both oxytocin and cAMP markedly stimulated the movements of Na+, K+, Rb+, Cs+, Li+, and NH4+ through a pathway that is insensitive to amiloride. The amiloride-insensitive currents were inhibited by the addition of Ca2+, Sr2+, or Mg2+ to the apical solution. The movement of the monovalent cations was associated with a spontaneous Lorentzian component in the power spectrum of the fluctuation in short-circuit current. The plateau of the Lorentzian component was enhanced by oxytocin and cAMP and was depressed by divalent cations. Methohexital inhibited the stimulation of monovalent cation movements caused by oxytocin. These findings suggest that oxytocin and cAMP activate at least two kinds of ionic channels in the apical membrane of toad urinary bladder: the well-known amiloride-sensitive channel and an amiloride-insensitive channel that allows the movement of several monovalent cations and is blocked by Ca2+ and other divalent cations.