Several examples of G protein-coupled receptors have recently been suggested to respond to common sugars in millimolar concentrations. This low affinity has made it difficult to demonstrate direct receptor-ligand interaction. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, rapid activation of the cAMP pathway by glucose and sucrose requires the GPCR Gpr1. Our results obtained by cysteine scanning mutagenesis and SCAM (substituted cysteine accessibility method) of residues in TMD VI provide strong evidence that glucose and sucrose directly interact as ligands with Gpr1. The affinity for sucrose is much higher. Structurally similar sugars such as galactose, mannose, and fructose do not act as agonists, but mannose acts as an antagonist for both sucrose and glucose. These results support the idea that Gpr1 directly senses sugars and that sugars can effectively bind GPCRs with a low affinity in a binding pocket formed by the transmembrane domains. The ligand repertoire of GPCRs can thus be extended to common sugars in millimolar concentrations.