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Title: Role of the regulatory domain of protein kinase D2 in phorbol ester binding, catalytic activity, and nucleocytoplasmic shuttling
Authors: Auer, Alexandra ×
von Blume, Julia
Sturany, Sabine
von Wichert, Götz
Van Lint, Johan
Vandenheede, Jackie
Adler, Guido
Seufferlein, Thomas #
Issue Date: Aug-2005
Publisher: American Society for Cell Biology
Series Title: Molecular Biology of the Cell vol:16 issue:9 pages:4375-85
Abstract: Protein kinase D2 (PKD2) belongs to the PKD family of serine/threonine kinases that is activated by phorbol esters and G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Its C-terminal regulatory domain comprises two cysteine-rich domains (C1a/C1b) followed by a pleckstrin homology (PH) domain. Here, we examined the role of the regulatory domain in PKD2 phorbol ester binding, catalytic activity, and subcellular localization: The PH domain is a negative regulator of kinase activity. C1a/C1b, in particular C1b, is required for phorbol ester binding and gastrin-stimulated PKD2 activation, but it has no inhibitory effect on the catalytic activity. Gastrin triggers nuclear accumulation of PKD2 in living AGS-B cancer cells. C1a/C1b, not the PH domain, plays a complex role in the regulation of nucleocytoplasmic shuttling: We identified a nuclear localization sequence in the linker region between C1a and C1b and a nuclear export signal in the C1a domain. In conclusion, our results define the critical components of the PKD2 regulatory domain controlling phorbol ester binding, catalytic activity, and nucleocytoplasmic shuttling and reveal marked differences to the regulatory properties of this domain in PKD1. These findings could explain functional differences between PKD isoforms and point to a functional role of PKD2 in the nucleus upon activation by GPCRs.
URI: 
ISSN: 1059-1524
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Biochemistry Section (Medicine) (-)
Laboratory of Protein Phosphorylation and Proteomics
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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