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Title: Glypican-6, a new member of the glypican family of cell surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans
Authors: Veugelers, Mark
De Cat, Bart
Ceulemans, Helga
Bruystens, Anne-Mie
Coomans, Christien
Dürr, Joachim
Vermeesch, Joris
Marynen, Peter
David, Guido # ×
Issue Date: Oct-1999
Series Title: Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:274 issue:38 pages:26968-77
Abstract: The glypicans compose a family of glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored heparan sulfate proteoglycans. Mutations in dally, a gene encoding a Drosophila glypican, and in GPC3, the gene for human glypican-3, implicate glypicans in the control of cell growth and division. So far, five members of the glypican family have been identified in vertebrates. By sequencing expressed sequence tag clones and products of rapid amplifications of cDNA ends, we identified a sixth member of the glypican family. The glypican-6 mRNA encodes a protein of 555 amino acids that is most homologous to glypican-4 (identity of 63%). Expression of this protein in Namalwa cells shows a core protein of approximately 60 kDa that is substituted with heparan sulfate only. GPC6, the gene encoding human glypican-6, contains nine exons. Like GPC5, the gene encoding glypican-5, GPC6 maps to chromosome 13q32. Clustering of the GPC5/GPC6 genes on chromosome 13q32 is strongly reminiscent of the clustering of the GPC3/GPC4 genes on chromosome Xq26 and suggests GPCs arose from a series of gene and genome duplications. Based on similarities in sequence and gene organization, glypican-1, glypican-2, glypican-4, and glypican-6 appear to define a subfamily of glypicans, differing from the subfamily comprising so far glypican-3 and glypican-5. Northern blottings indicate that glypican-6 mRNA is widespread, with prominent expressions in human fetal kidney and adult ovary. In situ hybridization studies localize glypican-6 to mesenchymal tissues in the developing mouse embryo. High expressions occur in smooth muscle cells lining the aorta and other major blood vessels and in mesenchymal cells of the intestine, kidney, lung, tooth, and gonad. Growth factor signaling in these tissues might in part be regulated by the presence of glypican-6 on the cell surface.
ISSN: 0021-9258
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Molecular Genetics Section (-)
Clinical Genetics Section (-)
Department of Human Genetics - miscellaneous
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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