Journal of Histochemistry & Cytochemistry vol:42 issue:8 pages:1043-54
Heparan sulfate accumulates on cell surfaces and at cell-matrix interfaces, and functionally modulates several of the effector molecules that support the interactions, growth, and differentiation of developing tissues. Using heparin sulfate-specific monoclonal antibodies MAb, we obtained evidence that extracts from rodent embryos contain multiple forms of cell surface-associated heparan sulfate proteoglycan (PG). Taking tooth development in the mouse embryo as a model to further investigate the relevance of this PG redundancy and using MAb against heparan sulfate, antibodies specific for syndecan (syndecan-1) and fibroglycan (syndecan-2) (two distinct members of a larger family of cell-surface heparan sulfate PGs), and specific cDNA probes for these two cell-surface PGs, we obtained in situ evidence for regulated and differential expression of multiple cell-surface heparan sulfate PGs. The unique, distinctive, and coordinated changes in the expressions of these PGs during morphogenesis and differentiation of dental tissues suggest that the various cell-surface PGs are not truly redundant but play important, specific, and potentially complementary roles during embryonic development.