International Journal of Cancer vol:67 issue:5 pages:632-635
Ordinary lipomas are cytogenetically characterized by a variety of balanced rearrangements involving chromosome segment 12ql3-15, and atypical lipomatous tumors (ALT) by supernumerary ring chromosomes or giant markers known to contain amplified 12q sequences. In a series of 228 cytogenetically analyzed and histopathologically reexamined ordinary lipomas and ALT, 10 tumors showed unbalanced chromosome-12 aberrations. All 4 tumors with loss of segments from 12q were classified as ordinary lipomas, whereas 5 of the 6 tumors showing gain of 12q material were diagnosed as ALT. One or three extra copies of 12q15-q24 were present in all 5 ALT. We conclude that duplication of 12q sequences may be a sufficient level of amplification for development of the microscopic appearance that characterizes ALT.