PCR conditions were optimized to amplify the COL4A5 cDNA from lymphoblasts and kidney tissue. Sequencing of the COL4A5 mRNA isolated from the kidney of an Alport syndrome patient revealed two differences with the published sequence. One divergence, the insertion of an 18 bp sequence between exon 11 and 10 of the COL4A5 mRNA added two Gly-X-Y triplets to the COL4A5 sequence and was subsequently found in the mRNA of four normal kidney mRNA samples. This sequence was absent in all white blood cell RNA samples sequenced by us, indicating tissue specific splicing with the presence of an additional exon in kidney COL4A5 mRNA. This finding of differential splicing of COL4A5 mRNA in kidney and white blood cells might affect the use of white blood cell mRNA for the analysis of Alport mutations. Second, a complex mutation was detected in the mRNA from the AS patient introducing a premature stop codon in the message, deleting part of the triple helical domain and the complete NC domain. The mother of the patient was shown to be heterozygous for this mutation.