Distribution of mRNA coding for alpha-2-macroglobulin, the murinoglobulins, the alpha-2-macroglobulin receptor and the alpha-2-macroglobulin receptor associated protein during mouse embryogenesis and in adult tissues
Differentiation; research in biological diversity. vol:55 issue:3 pages:213-23
The distribution of mRNA coding for the members of the wide-spectrum proteinase scavenging system of the alpha-2-macroglobulin family was examined in the mouse: Alpha-2-macroglobulin (MAM), the murinoglobulins (MUG), the alpha-2-macroglobulin receptor (alpha 2MR) and the receptor associated protein, the heparin binding protein-44 (alpha 2MRAP/HBP-44), a component of unknown function. The results demonstrate that MAM is expressed in the mouse embryo exclusively in the liver and not before day 13 of gestation. MUG mRNA was never detected during embryogenesis. On the other hand, both the alpha 2MR and the alpha 2MRAP/HBP-44 messages were present throughout all embryonal stages examined. The distribution of the alpha 2MR mRNA was widespread in most tissues, with stronger signals observed in developing mouse brain, in whisker follicles and in the perifollicular mesenchyme, in lung, liver, kidney, intestine and placenta. The alpha 2MRAP/HBP-44 mRNA was detected predominantly in brain, lung, liver, kidney and placenta. Interestingly, within each tissue the cellular distribution of the alpha 2MR and alpha 2MRAP/HBP-44 mRNA was quite different with the most remarkable extremes observed in kidney and in placenta. The implication of these observations for receptor expression and function are discussed. Northern analysis of adult tissues extended these observations: major signals for MAM and MUG were seen only in liver, while the expression of the alpha 2MR and the alpha 2MRAP/HBP-44 was widespread with highest levels of the 15-kb alpha 2MR mRNA in liver. Kidney was the most abundant source of alpha 2MRAP/HBP-44 mRNA with the 1.8- and 3.6-kb mRNAs, derived from the same gene by alternative mRNA splicing, present in nearly constant ratios in most tissues, except in testis. The notable absence of expression of MAM in the first half of gestation indicates that during this period the receptor is scavenging for proteinases complexed to MAM derived from the maternal circulation or is being used for endocytosis of the other documented ligands, such as plasminogen activator complexes or apolipoprotein E-containing lipoprotein particles.