Fluorescence in situ hybridization study of chromosome 7 aberrations in hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma: isochromosome 7q as a common abnormality accumulating in forms with features of cytologic progression
Hepatosplenic gamma delta T-cell lymphoma (HS gamma delta TCL) is a rare and aggressive subtype of peripheral T-cell lymphoma that has been associated cytogenetically with the isochromosome 7q [i(7)(q10)]. The incidence of this aberration and its relevance to pathogenesis of HS gamma delta TCL is still unknown. We investigated the status of chromosome 7 in 12 HSTCL cases, including nine with a typical gamma delta phenotype, one with a so-called T-cell receptor (TCR)-silent phenotype, and two with the variant alpha beta phenotype. We analyzed available fresh and archival material using a dual-color interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) approach with 7p and 7q probes. A significant population of cells with predominance of 7q signals was detected in 10 cases (eight gamma delta, one alpha beta, and one TCR silent), and two lymphomas did not show clonal 7p/7q signal imbalances. In four of 10 cases with chromosome 7 aberrations, a hybridization pattern indicative of the presence of one chromosome 7 and one i(7)(q10) was found. In four other cases, the configuration of signals (2 x 7p/3 x 7q) suggested the presence of the i(7)(q10) and additional structural aberrations involving the second chromosome 7. In two cases, including one alpha beta phenotypic variant, a variety of FISH patterns equivalent to two to five copies of i(7)(q10) or numerical and structural aberrations of second chromosome 7 has been detected. These findings support cytogenetic data pointing to a characteristic association of i(7)(q10) with HSTCL, irrespective of the immunophenotype of malignant cells. An increased number of 7q signals was found in three cases with cytologic features of progression, indicating a tendency of HSTCL to multiply the i(7)(q10) chromosome during evolution.