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Title: Three differentially expressed survivin cDNA variants encode proteins with distinct antiapoptotic functions
Authors: Conway, E M ×
Pollefeyt, S
Cornelissen, Joseph
DeBaere, I
Steiner-Mosonyi, M
Ong, K
Baens, Thijs
Collen, Desire
Schuh, A C #
Issue Date: Mar-2000
Series Title: Blood vol:95 issue:4 pages:1435-42
Abstract: Survivin is a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) family that is believed to play a role in oncogenesis. To elucidate further its physiologic role(s), we have characterized the murine survivin gene and complementary DNA (cDNA). The structural organization of the survivin gene, located on chromosome 11E2, is similar to that of its human counterpart, both containing 4 exons. Surprisingly, 3 full-length murine survivin cDNA clones were isolated, predicting the existence of 3 distinct survivin proteins. The longest open reading frame, derived from all 4 exons, predicts a 140-amino acid residue protein, survivin(140), similar to human survivin, which contains a single IAP repeat and a COOH-terminal coiled-coil domain that links its function to the cell cycle. A second cDNA, which retains intron 3, predicts the existence of a 121-amino acid protein, survivin(121) that lacks the coiled-coil domain. Removal of exon 2-derived sequences by alternative pre-messenger RNA (mRNA) splicing results in a third 40-amino acid residue protein, survivin(40), lacking the IAP repeat and coiled-coil structure. Predictably, only recombinant survivin(140) and survivin(121) inhibited caspase-3 activity. All 3 mRNA species were variably expressed during development from 7.5 days postcoitum. Of the adult tissues surveyed, thymus and testis accumulated high levels of survivin(140) mRNA, whereas survivin(121)-specific transcripts were detected in all tissues, while those representing survivin(40) were absent. Human counterparts to the 3 survivin mRNA transcripts were identified in a study of human cells and tissues. The presence of distinct isoforms of survivin that are expressed differentially suggests that survivin plays a complex role in regulating apoptosis. (Blood. 2000;95:1435-1442)
URI: 
ISSN: 0006-4971
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Molecular Genetics Section (-)
Molecular and Vascular Biology
Human Genome Laboratory
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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