ATP-driven calcium uptake was studied in basal-lateral membranes and in microsomal fractions, isolated from pig kidney cortex. The uptake is strongly enhanced in conditions where calcium inside the vesicles is precipitated by oxalate (5 mM) or phosphate (40 mM). Both anions were equally effective for the stimulation of calcium uptake in the microsomes but oxalate was less effective than phosphate in the basal-lateral membrane fraction. The active calcium pumps in the renal basal-lateral and microsomal fractions are different transport ATPases characterized by phosphorylated intermediates of 135 kDa and 115 kDa respectively. The subcellular distribution of the 135 kDa and 115 kDa phosphointermediates, reflects the distribution of typical marker enzymes for the basal-lateral membrane and for the endoplasmic reticulum. The calmodulin binding to the 135 kDa polypeptide as estimated by 125I-labelled calmodulin overlay, can be used as a specific marker for the basal-lateral plasma membrane calcium pump.