Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:262 issue:2 pages:854-9
Heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPG) were solubilized from human lung fibroblast monolayers with detergent. Presumptive membrane-associated forms displaying hydrophobic properties were purified by gel filtration on Sepharose CL-4B, by ion-exchange chromatography on Mono Q and by incorporation in lipid vesicles. The HSPG preparations were 125I-iodinated and treated with heparitinase before sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Five radiolabeled proteins with apparent molecular weights of 125,000, 90,000, 64,000, 48,000, and 35,000 were visualized by autoradiography. A sixth protein, identified in nonreduced 125I-HSPG preparations, appeared as a non-HS chain-bearing Mr 35,000 peptide which was disulfide-linked to an HS chain-bearing peptide of similar size. This multiplicity of core proteins did not seem to result from proteolysis during the heparitinase treatment itself, since some of the core proteins migrated independently during gel filtration before heparitinase digestion. Moreover, heparitinase digestion of 125I-HSPG purified by affinity chromatography on an immobilized monoclonal antibody yielded only the Mr 64,000 protein. Alternative depolymerizations of the HS chains by heparinase or HNO2 also yielded multiple protein bands. These results imply that heterogeneity of the core protein moiety may be a genuine property of the hydrophobic HSPG of human lung fibroblasts. The occurrence of multiple integral membrane HSPG forms may be relevant for the multiple functions that have been ascribed to cell-surface HSPG.