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Title: Identical cis-acting elements and related trans-acting factors control activity of nonviral promoter in Schizosaccharomyces pombe and mammalian cells
Authors: Brys, R ×
Nelles, Lucien
van der Schueren, E
Silvestre, N
Huylebroeck, Danny
Remacle, J E #
Issue Date: May-1998
Series Title: DNA and cell biology. vol:17 issue:4 pages:349-58
Abstract: We have analyzed the transcriptional activity of the human plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 promoter in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. This promoter is active in S. pombe, and the initiation site of transcription corresponds to the site identified previously in mammalian cells. Mutations in the AP-1-binding site (PAI-1 A box) or the HLTF-binding site (the B box), which reduced the basal and phorbol ester-induced levels of PAI-1 expression in human cells, also decreased the transcriptional activity in S. pombe. Gel retardation assays showed that an S. pombe protein binds specifically to this B box element and displays the same B box sequence requirement as HLTF. Furthermore, this yeast protein binds specifically to other HLTF-binding sites in the human immunodeficiency virus-1 long terminal repeat (LTR) and the simian virus 40 (SV40) enhancer. The B box (but not a mutated B box) strongly stimulated transcription when combined with adh downstream promoter elements, indicating that the S. pombe B box-binding protein, like HLTF, is a transcriptional activator. We conclude that the transcriptional activity of the nonviral PAI-1 promoter is controlled by the same promoter elements in S. pombe as in mammalian cells. In addition, mammalian trans-acting factors that bind to these promoter elements were shown to have counterparts with conserved DNA-binding activity in S. pombe. These results further illustrate the conservation of the mechanism of transcription between mammalian cells and fission yeast.
ISSN: 1044-5498
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Molecular Biology (Celgen) (-)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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