The Biochemical journal. vol:247 issue:3 pages:765-71
Human lung fibroblasts produce heparan sulphate proteoglycans (HSPG) that are associated with the plasma membrane. A monoclonal-antibody (Mab)-secreting hybridoma, S1, was produced by fusion of SP 2/0-AG 14 mouse myeloma cells with spleen cells from mice immunized with partially purified cellular HSPG fractions. The HSPG character of the material carrying the epitope recognized by Mab S1 was demonstrated by: (i) the co-purification of the S1 epitope with the membrane HSPG of human lung fibroblasts; (ii) the decrease in size of the material carrying the S1 epitope upon treatment with heparinase or heparitinase, and the resistance of this material to heparinase treatment after N-desulphation. The S1 epitope appears to be part of the core protein, since it was destroyed by proteinase treatment and by disulphide-bond reduction, but not by treatments that depolymerize the glycosaminoglycan chains and N-linked oligosaccharide chains. Polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis of non-reduced heparitinase-digested membrane HSPG followed by Western blotting and immunostaining with Mab S1 revealed a single band with apparent molecular mass of 64 kDa. Membrane proteoglycans isolated from detergent extracts or from 4 M-guanidinium chloride extracts of the cells yielded similar results. Additional digestion with N-glycanase lowered the apparent molecular mass of the immunoreactive material to 56 kDa, suggesting that the core protein also carries N-linked oligosaccharides. Fractionation of 125I-labelled membrane HSPG by immuno-affinity chromatography on immobilized Mab S1, followed by heparitinase digestion and polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis of the bound material, yielded a single labelled band with apparent molecular mass 64 kDa. Treatment with dithiothreitol caused a slight increase in apparent molecular mass, suggesting that the core protein of this membrane proteoglycan of a single subunit containing (an) intrachain disulphide bond(s).