European Journal of Medical Genetics vol:48 issue:2 pages:153-158
We report on a patient with a congenital disorder of glycosylation type Id (CDG-Id) caused by a homozygous mutation in the ALG3 gene, which results from a de novo mutation in combination with a segmental maternal uniparental isodisomy (UPD). The patient presented with severe psychomotor delay, primary microcephaly, and opticus atrophy, compatible with a severe form of CDG. Isoelectric focusing of transferrin showed a type I pattern and lipid-linked oligosaccharide analysis showed an accumulation of dol-PP-GlcNAc2Man5 in patient's fibroblasts suggesting a defect in the ALG3 gene. A homozygous ALG3 missense mutation p.R266C (c.796C > T) was identified. Further evaluation revealed that neither the mother nor the father were carrier of the p.R266C mutation. Marker analysis revealed a segmental maternal isodisomy for the chromosomal region 3q21.3-3qter. UPD for this region has not been described before. More important, the combination of UPD with a de novo mutation is an exceptional coincidence and an extraordinary observation.