Two new cases of t(8;16)(p11;p13) in acute nonlymphocytic leukemia (ANLL) are described. These two patients in addition to the 34 previously described, showed a striking association with myelomonocytic (M4) or monocytic (M5) leukemia, extramedullary infiltration, erythrophagocytosis and disseminated intravascular coagulation. One of our patients showed a TCRbeta gene rearrangement. Alltogether 36 cases of t(8;16) ANLL have been documented until today. We here review their clinical and cytogenetic features.