Journal of Pension Economics and Finance vol:4 issue:1 pages:17-30
8th International Congress on IME edition:8 location:Rome, Italy date:14-16 June 2004
Knowledge of the distribution function of the stochastically compounded value of a series of future (positive and/or negative) payments is needed for solving several problems in an insurance or finance environment, see e.g. Dhaene et al. (2002a,b). In Kaas et al. (2000), convex lower-bound approximations for such a sum have been proposed. In case of changing signs of the payments however, the distribution function or the quantiles of the lower bound are not easy to determine, as the approximation for the random compounded value of the payments will in general not be a comonotonic sum.In this paper, we present a method for determining accurate and easy computable approximations for risk measures of such a sum, in case one first has positive payments (savings), followed by negative ones (consumptions).This particular cashflow pattern is observed in 'saving–consumption' plans. In such plans, a person saves money on a regular basis for a certain number of years. The amount available at the end of this period is then used to generate a yearly pension for a fixed number of years. Using the results of this paper we can find accurate and easy to compute answers to questions such as: 'What is the minimal required yearly savings effort, a, during a fixed number of years, such that we will be able to meet, with a probability of at least (1[minus sign][varepsilon]), a given consumption pattern during the withdrawal period?'