Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems vol:76 issue:2 (Apr.) pages:197-204
Several applications of continuum regression (CR) to non-contaminated data have shown that a significant improvement in predictive power can be obtained compared to the three standard techniques which it encompasses (ordinary least squares (OLS), principal component regression (PCR) and partial least squares (PLS)). For contaminated data continuum regression may yield aberrant estimates due to its non-robustness with respect to outliers. Also for data originating from a distribution which significantly differs from the normal distribution, continuum regression may yield very inefficient estimates. In the current paper, robust continuum regression (RCR) is proposed. To construct the estimator, an algorithm based on projection pursuit (PP) is proposed. The robustness and good efficiency properties of RCR are shown by means of a simulation study. An application to an X-ray fluorescence analysis of hydrometallurgical samples illustrates the method's applicability in practice.