Novel JARID1C/SMCX mutations in patients with X-linked mental retardation
Tzschach, Andreas × Lenzner, Steffen Moser, Bettina Reinhardt, Richard Chelly, Jamel Fryns, Jean-Pierre Kleefstra, Tjitske Raynaud, Martine Turner, Gillian Ropers, Hans-Hilger Kuss, Andreas Jensen, Lars Riff #
John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Human Mutation vol:27 issue:4 pages:389-390
X-linked mental retardation (XLMR) is a heterogeneous disorder that affects approximately 2 in 1000 males. JARID1C/SMCX is relatively new among the known XLMR genes, and seven different mutations have been identified previously in this gene [Jensen LR et al., Am. J. Hum. Genet. 76:227-236, 2005]. Here, we report five novel JARID1C mutations in five XLMR families. The changes comprise one nonsense mutation (p.Arg332X) and four missense mutations (p.Asp87Gly; p.Phe642Leu; p.Arg750Trp; p.Tyr751Cys) affecting evolutionarily conserved amino acids. The degree of mental retardation in the affected males ranged from mild to severe, and some patients suffered from additional disorders such as epilepsy, short stature, or behavioral problems. This study brings the total number of reported JARID1C mutations to twelve. In contrast to other XLMR genes in which mutations were found only in single or very few families, JARID1C appears to be one of the more frequently mutated genes in this disorder.