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Title: Elevation of beta-amyloid peptide 2-42 in sporadic and familial Alzheimer's disease and its generation in PS1 knockout cells
Authors: Wiltfang, J ×
Esselmann, H
Cupers, Philippe
Neumann, M
Kretzschmar, H
Beyermann, M
Schleuder, D
Jahn, H
Rüther, E
Kornhuber, J
Annaert, Wim
De Strooper, Bart
Saftig, P #
Issue Date: Nov-2001
Series Title: Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:276 issue:46 pages:42645-57
Abstract: Urea-based beta-amyloid (Abeta) SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and immunoblots were used to analyze the generation of Abeta peptides in conditioned medium from primary mouse neurons and a neuroglioma cell line, as well as in human cerebrospinal fluid. A comparable and highly conserved pattern of Abeta peptides, namely, 1-40/42 and carboxyl-terminal-truncated 1-37, 1-38, and 1-39, was found. Besides Abeta1-42, we also observed a consistent elevation of amino-terminal-truncated Abeta2-42 in a detergent-soluble pool in brains of subjects with Alzheimer's disease. Abeta2-42 was also specifically elevated in cerebrospinal fluid samples of Alzheimer's disease patients. To decipher the contribution of potential different gamma-secretases (presenilins (PSs)) in generating the amino-terminal- and carboxyl-terminal-truncated Abeta peptides, we overexpressed beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP)-trafficking mutants in PS1+/+ and PS1-/- neurons. As compared with APP-WT (primary neurons from control or PS1-deficient mice infected with Semliki Forest virus), PS1-/- neurons and PS1+/+ neurons overexpressing APP-Deltact (a slow-internalizing mutant) show a decrease of all secreted Abeta peptide species, as expected, because this mutant is processed mainly by alpha-secretase. This drop is even more pronounced for the APP-KK construct (APP mutant carrying an endoplasmic reticulum retention motif). Surprisingly, Abeta2-42 is significantly less affected in PS1-/- neurons and in neurons transfected with the endocytosis-deficient APP-Deltact construct. Our data confirm that PS1 is closely involved in the production of Abeta1-40/42 and the carboxyl-terminal-truncated Abeta1-37, Abeta1-38, and Abeta1-39, but the amino-terminal-truncated and carboxyl-terminal-elongated Abeta2-42 seems to be less affected by PS1 deficiency. Moreover, our results indicate that the latter Abeta peptide species could be generated by a beta(Asp/Ala)-secretase activity.
ISSN: 0021-9258
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Molecular Genetics Section (-)
Department of Human Genetics - miscellaneous
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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