American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:278 issue:49 pages:48651-7
The syndecans play critical roles in several signal transduction pathways. The core proteins of these heparan sulfate proteoglycans are characterized by highly conserved transmembrane and intracellular domains which are required for signaling across the membrane and for interaction with cytosolic proteins. However, regulatory mechanisms controlling these functions remain largely unknown. Here we show that, upon ligand-induced primary proteolytic cleavage within the ectodomain, the intracellular domain of syndecan 3 is released by regulated intramembrane proteolysis. The cleavage is mediated by presenilin/gamma-secretase complex and negatively regulates the plasma membrane targeting of the transcriptional cofactor CASK.