Title: CD57+/CD28- T cells in untreated hemato-oncological patients are expanded and display a Th1-type cytokine secretion profile, ex vivo cytolytic activity and enhanced tendency to apoptosis
Authors: Van den Hove, L E ×
Van Gool, Stefaan
Vandenberghe, Peter
Boogaerts, Marc
Ceuppens, Jan #
Issue Date: Oct-1998
Series Title: Leukemia vol:12 issue:10 pages:1573-82
Abstract: Three-color flow cytometry immunophenotyping revealed significant increases of CD57+ and CD28- cells among both circulating CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes of untreated hemato-oncological patients (n = 54) as compared to healthy donors (n = 55), with CD57 and CD28 expression on the patients' T cells being largely reciprocal. Marked expansion of CD57+ cells among circulating CD4+ T lymphocytes was frequently detected in patients with chronic leukemia of B cell origin (B-CLL, hairy cell leukemia) but not in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia, suggesting a causal relation with the tumor's major histocompatibility complex class II expression. Using immunomagnetic separation techniques, we further demonstrate that the patients' CD57+/CD28- T cells display a typical Th1-type cytokine secretion profile upon anti-CD3 stimulation, with a markedly higher secretion of the Th1-type cytokines IL-2, IFN-gamma, and TNF-alpha than their CD57-/CD28+ counterparts. Cytotoxic activity of circulating CD8+ T lymphocytes, measured ex vivo in an anti-CD3-redirected assay, was almost exclusively exerted by the CD57+/CD28- subset. Moreover, a marked cytotoxic activity was detected within CD4+CD57+ T cells from some B-CLL patients. Finally, the patients' CD57+/CD28- T cells displayed an increased tendency to apoptosis in culture. Collectively, our results indicate that the expanded CD57+/CD28- T cells in hemato-oncological patients represent differentiated effector cells, similar to their (quantitatively minor) counterpart in healthy donors. The reason for their expansion and their pathophysiologic significance, however, remains unclear.
ISSN: 0887-6924
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Clinical Genetics Section (-)
Laboratory of Clinical Immunology
Pediatric Hematology & Oncology Section (-)
Hematology Section (-)
Laboratory of Pediatric Immunology
Department of Human Genetics - miscellaneous
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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