International Journal of Surgical Pathology vol:13 issue:1 pages:93-97
Peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET)/Ewing's sarcoma (ES) of the central nervous system is extremely rare and should be differentiated from central PNET and other small blue round cell tumors. We describe a case of a meningeal peripheral PNET/ES of the spinal cord in an 11-year-old boy. Immunohistochemically, the small blue round cell tumor showed expression of epithelial markers and of CD99, thus posing an important differential diagnostic problem with a poorly differentiated synovial sarcoma. Fluorescence in situ hybridization revealed rearrangement of the EWS gene, as seen in peripheral PNET/ES. Peripheral PNET/ES does occur in the central nervous system, but its diagnosis can be extremely difficult on morphologic and immunohistochemical grounds alone. Genetic analysis plays a key role in its distinction from other small blue round cell tumors.