Title: Sodium calcium exchange as a target for antiarrhythmic therapy
Authors: Sipido, Karin ×
Varro, A
Eisner, D #
Issue Date: 9-Apr-2006
Series Title: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology issue:171 pages:159-99
Abstract: In search of better antiarrhythmic therapy, targeting the Na/Ca exchanger is an option to be explored. The rationale is that increased activity of the Na/Ca exchanger has been implicated in arrhythmogenesis in a number of conditions. The evidence is strong for triggered arrhythmias related to Ca2+ overload, due to increased Na+ load or during adrenergic stimulation; the Na/Ca exchanger may be important in triggered arrhythmias in heart failure and in atrial fibrillation. There is also evidence for a less direct role of the Na/Ca exchanger in contributing to remodelling processes. In this chapter, we review this evidence and discuss the consequences of inhibition of Na/Ca exchange in the perspective of its physiological role in Ca2+ homeostasis. We summarize the current data on the use of available blockers of Na/Ca exchange and propose a framework for further study and development of such drugs. Very selective agents have great potential as tools for further study of the role the Na/Ca exchanger plays in arrhythmogenesis. For therapy, they may have their specific indications, but they carry the risk of increasing Ca2+ load of the cell. Agents with a broader action that includes Ca2+ channel block may have advantages in other conditions, e.g. with Ca2+ overload. Additional actions such as block of K+ channels, which may be unwanted in e.g. heart failure, may be used to advantage as well.
ISSN: 0171-2004
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Cardiology
Experimental Cardiology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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