Flux decline due to interaction of the membrane with the food solution is a major drawback for the use of nanofiltration in environmental applications. This paper studies different mechanisms of flux decline for the nanofiltration of aqueous solutions containing organic compounds. The resistance model for flux decline is used: different mechanisms contribute through an increase of the resistance of the membrane against mass transport. The focus in this research is on pore blocking and adsorption inside the membrane pores. Osmotic pressure is also taken into account as it decreases the driving force. The nanofiltration membranes used were NF70 (Dow), UTC-20 and UTC-60 (Toray Ind.), and NTR 7450 (Nitto-Denko). Experiments with different organic components in aqueous solution showed that adsorption resulted in a strong decrease of the water flux. The results of the flux decline as a function of the concentration Gould well be fitted with the Freundlich equation for adsorption. The components that showed the largest effect had the highest polarity (permanent dipole moment or polarizability), which indicates that adsorption is favored by the polarity of the components in solution, Moreover, the molecules with a size similar to the pore size had a stronger effect on the water flux than other molecules. This can be explained by blocking of,the pores by adsorbed compounds.