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Title: Rheooptical study of the early stages of flow enhanced crystallization in isotactic polypropylene
Authors: Devaux, N ×
Monasse, B
Haudin, JM
Moldenaers, Paula
Vermant, Jan #
Issue Date: May-2004
Publisher: Springer-verlag
Series Title: Rheologica acta vol:43 issue:3 pages:210-222
Abstract: The effect of a shear flow on the early stages and the kinetics of isothermal crystallization of an isotactic polypropylene has been studied experimentally. In the shear rate region where crystallization proceeds through point-like precursors, the magnitude of the shear rate, the shearing time as well as the instant in time at which the deformation starts have all been varied, in combination with rheooptical measurements. These include depolarized light intensity and birefringence. In agreement with previous work, above a critical shear rate and a critical shearing time, the crystallization kinetics are enhanced. Somewhat surprisingly, below a characteristic time, t0,max, the kinetics are not affected by the instant in time at which flow is applied or stops. As long as flow takes place before this critical dwell time, only the shearing time and primarily the magnitude of the shear rate seem to matter. When flow is started only after t0,max, its effect to accelerate crystallization kinetics becomes less efficient. The range over which the different parameters have an effect have been compared to the rheological relaxation times and to the measurements of global chain extension. To investigate the effects of flow on the early stages in more detail, time resolved Small-Angle Light Scattering experiments were used to detect changes in the density and orientation fluctuations. Measurements explicitly compare the effect of temperature and shear flow on the kinetics and the intensity of the density fluctuations.
URI: 
ISSN: 0035-4511
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Soft Matter, Rheology and Technology Section
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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