Journal of environmental radioactivity vol:40 issue:3 pages:261-270
The consideration of a possible enhanced vertical migration of radiocaesium with the application of ammonium-ferric-hexacyano-ferrate (AFCF) as counter measure, due to the colloidal nature of AFCF, made us set up a series of migration experiments. For the study two soil types were considered, which were either left unplanted or cultivated with ryegrass. Two AFCF concentrations, 1 and 10 gm(-2), and an untreated control were applied. A simple diffusion-convection model was fitted to the data. The application of AFCF did not enhance the downward migration of radiocaesium in the profile. Moreover, for an unplanted sandy soil the application of AFCF significantly retarded the migration: 10 g AFCF m(-2) decreased the convection term, V,from 0.78 to 0.42 cm a(-1) and the diffusion component, D, from 0.21 to 0.09 cm(2) a(-1). For all other experimental conditions (unplanted loamy soil, ryegrass cultivated sandy and loamy soil), the application of AFCF did not have any effect on radiocaesium migration. Since AFCF does not promote the vertical migration of radiocaesium, enhanced groundwater contamination is improbable. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.