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Title: Detection of t(11;18)(q21;q21) by interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization using API2 and MLT specific probes
Authors: Dierlamm, J ×
Baens, Thijs
Stefanova-Ouzounova, M
Hinz, K
Wlodarska, Iwona
Maes, B
Steyls, A
Driessen, Ann
Verhoef, Gregor
Gaulard, P
Hagemeijer-Hausman, Anne
Hossfeld, D K
Peeters, Christiane
Marynen, Peter #
Issue Date: Oct-2000
Series Title: Blood vol:96 issue:6 pages:2215-8
Abstract: The translocation of chromosome 11, long arm, region 2, band 1, to chromosome 18, long arm, region 2, band 1 (t(11;18)(q21;q21)) represents a recurrent chromosomal abnormality in extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma (MZBCL) of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) type and leads to a fusion of the apoptosis inhibitor-2 (API2) gene on chromosome 11 and the MALT lymphoma-associated translocation (MLT) gene on chromosome 18. A 2-color fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assay, which can be used for the detection of t(11;18) in interphase nuclei and metaphase chromosomes on fresh and archival tumor tissue, was developed. The P1 artificial chromosome (PAC) clone located immediately telomeric to the MLT gene and the PAC clone spanning the API2 gene were differentially labeled and used to visualize the derivative chromosome 11 resulting from t(11;18), as evident by the overlapping or juxtaposed red and green fluorescent signals. The assay was applied to interphase nuclei of 20 cases with nonmalignant conditions and 122 B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHLs). The latter group comprised 20 cases of nodal follicle center cell lymphoma and diffuse large B-cell NHL, 10 cases of gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, 10 cases of hairy cell leukemia, and 82 cases of MZBCL (41 extranodal from various locations, 19 nodal, and 22 splenic MZBCL) including 35 cases with an abnormal karyotype, 2 of which revealed t(11;18). By interphase FISH, t(11;18) was detected in 8 gastrointestinal low-grade MALT-type lymphomas including the 2 cytogenetically t(11;18)(+) cases. In the 8 t(11;18)(+) cases, the FISH results were confirmed by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) using API2 and MLT specific primers. Our results indicate that t(11;18)(q21;q21) specifically characterizes a subgroup of low-grade MZBCL of the MALT-type and that the FISH assay described here is a highly specific and rapid test for the detection of this translocation.
ISSN: 0006-4971
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Molecular Genetics Section (-)
Clinical Genetics Section (-)
Laboratory of Nephrology
Hematology Section (-)
Human Genome Laboratory
Laboratory for Genetics of Malignant Disorders
Department of Human Genetics - miscellaneous
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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