Journal of the European Ceramic Society vol:27 issue:4 pages:1961-1972
The dissolution of magnesia particles in synthetic CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 (CAS)-based slags with and Without MgO addition was investigated in situ with a confocal scanning laser microscope (CSLM) at 1500 and 1600 degrees C. The dissolution process Was recorded. The effects of slag composition and temperature on the dissolution process and the time dependency of the MgO particle size during dissolution were obtained. Increasing the temperature increases the dissolution rate. However, MgO addition to the slag retards the dissolution rate significantly. The rate limiting steps are discussed. It is shown that boundary layer diffusion is responsible for the dissolution. By combining in situ observations with post mortem analyses, thermodynamic calculations of local and global equilibrium, and kinetic considerations, the conditions under which MgAl2O4 spinet call be formed at the particle-slag interface are clarified. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.