Title: In situ formation of Si2N2O and TiN in Si3N4-based ceramic composites
Authors: Duan, Ren-Guan ×
Roebben, Gert
Vleugels, Jef
Van der Biest, Omer #
Issue Date: May-2005
Publisher: Pergamon-elsevier science ltd
Series Title: Acta Materialia vol:53 issue:9 pages:2547-2554
Abstract: Powder mixtures of silicon nitride (Si3N4) With 6 wt%. Y2O3 and containing up to 63 wt% TiO2 were hot-pressed. The obtained ceramics are investigated using high temperature X-ray diffraction, the impulse excitation technique, and scanning electron microscopy. It was found that during hot pressing, the TiO2 additives were converted to TiN, and silicon oxynitride (Si2N2O) was formed. The addition of TiO2 was found to enhance the alpha to beta-Si3N4 conversion during sintering. A decreased thermal expansion of the crystal structure of the beta-Si3N4 phase is observed with increasing TiO2 amount. The influence of the TiO2 content of the powder mixture on the microstructure and mechanical properties of the densified ceramics was elucidated and the observed reaction mechanisms are thermodynamically and kinetically analyzed. (c) 2005 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 1359-6454
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Physical Metallurgy and Materials Engineering Section (-)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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