Journal of the European Ceramic Society vol:25 issue:13 pages:3109-3115
The microstructure and mechanical properties of a selection of ceramics with compositions in the low ceria and yttria corner of the ZrO2-CeO2-Y2O3 system were investigated and evaluated. The calculated isothermal section of the ZrO2-CeO2-Y2O3 system at 1450 degrees C was used to define the CeO2 content range of interest resulting in an optimum amount of tetragonal ZrO2 phase for TZP ceramics with an overall yttria content of 2 and 1 mol%. Pure monoclinic ZrO2 starting powder was coated with the appropriate amount of yttria and ceria stabiliser by means of a suspension coating technique and pressureless sintered in air at 1450 degrees C. The indentation toughness and Vickers hardness were evaluated as a function of the sintering time, grain-size and stabiliser content. An excellent fracture toughness of 13-15 MPa m(1/2) was obtained for ZrO2 ceramics with 1 mol% Y2O3 + 4 mol% CeO2, sintered for 1-4h at 1450 degrees C. (c) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.