The influence of the relative humidity (RH) in ambient air on the friction and wear behaviour of PVD TiN coatings subjected to contact vibrations against corundum and bearing steel (100Cr6) counterbodies has been investigated. The fretting experiments were performed in the gross-slip regime on TiN coatings produced by three different PVD processes. The results indicate two basic friction characteristics. At low relative humidity (RH < 10%), the friction force is in the range of the normal force whereas it is less than one third of the normal force in atmospheres of high relative humidity (RH > 80%). A transition from high to low friction was observed during the course of experiments performed in atmospheres of medium relative humidity. The duration of the high friction phase in such transitions was found to depend on fretting parameters such as the normal force and the vibration frequency. This humidity dependence of the friction force was found for both counterbody materials. The size of the damaged surface area as well as the volumetric wear on the TiN coatings were found to be largest at low relative humidity. Fretting damage occurs over a smaller area but extends more into the depth at high relative humidity. The size of the fretted surface area induced on TiN is larger for Cr-steel than for corundum counterbodies.