European journal of mechanics a-solids vol:25 issue:4 pages:634-648
A hierarchical multilevel method is presented for the plastic deformation of polycrystalline materials with texture-induced anisotropy. It is intended as a constitutive material model for finite element codes for the simulation of metal forming processes or for the prediction of forming limits. It consists of macroscopic models of which the parameters are to be identified using the results of two-level (meso/macro) or three-level (micro/meso/macro) models. A few such two-level models are presented, ranging from the full-constraints Taylor model to the crystal-plasticity finite element models, including the grain interaction models GIA, LAMEL and ALAMEL. Validation efforts based on experimental cold rolling textures obtained for steel and aluminium alloys are shortly discussed. An assessment is also given of the assumptions of the LAMEL and ALAMEL models concerning stress and strain rate heterogeneity at grain boundaries, based on the results of a crystal plasticity finite element study. Finally a recent three-level model which also looks at the microscopic level (dislocation substructure) is discussed. (C) 2006 Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved.