Protein tau, a major microtubule-binding protein in the brain, comprises six isoforms generated through alternative mRNA splicing. A dysfunctional form of mutant and normal tau is associated or implicated in the pathogenesis of several neurodegenerative disorders. The neuropathological hallmark of these tau-opathies are intraneuronal depositions of fibrillary aggregates of which neurofibrillary tangles are most common. Several distinct transgene mouse models confirmed that tau protein can cause neurodegeneration directly. This study was aimed at identifying proteins that might play a role in the cellular disturbances caused by overexpression of the longest isoform of human tau in the brain of transgenic mice. We found 34 proteins which differed in integrated intensity by a factor of at least 1.5. These proteins could be sorted into several categories. Some of the phenotypic characteristics found in the htau transgenic mice could be related to proteins found in this study. Several proteins are linked to processes involving apoptosis and neuronal death and have been discussed in papers describing neurodegenerative disorders.