Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters vol:10 issue:10 pages:D104-D107
Cyclic voltammetry and absorption spectrophotometry were used to examine the complex formation of cobalt(II) in the ionic liquids 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([C(4)mim] Cl) and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis (trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide ([C(4)mim][Tf2N]). In [C(4)mim]Cl, cobalt(II) is complexed as [CoCl4](2-) at CoCl2 concentrations less than 33 mol %. Cyclic voltammograms show that cobalt cannot be electrodeposited at these concentrations. However, cobalt metal can be electrodeposited at CoCl2 concentrations above the threshold concentration of 33 mol %. In the ionic liquid [C(4)mim][Tf2N] there is no threshold CoCl2 concentration for electrodeposition due to the absence of [CoCl4](2-).