Presenilin-1-mediated retention of APP derivatives in early biosynthetic compartments
Réchards, Marloes × Xia, Weiming Oorschot, Viola van Dijk, Suzanne Annaert, Wim Selkoe, Dennis J Klumperman, Judith #
Traffic vol:7 issue:3 pages:354-64
Processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) leads to the production of amyloid-beta (Abeta), the major component of extracellular plaques in the brains of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Presenilin-1 (PS-1) plays a key role in the final step of Abeta formation, the gamma-secretase cleavage. Previously, we showed that PS-1 is retained in pre-Golgi compartments by incorporation into COPI-coated membranes of the vesicular tubular clusters (VTCs) between endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and Golgi complex. Here, we show that PS-1 also mediates the retention of the beta-cleavage-derived APP-C-terminal fragment (CTFbeta) and/or Abeta in pre-Golgi membranes. Overexpression of PS-1 increased the percentage of CTFbeta and/or Abeta in VTCs as well as their distribution to COPI-coated VTC membranes. By contrast, overexpression of the dominant-negative aspartate mutant PS-1(D257A) or PS-knockout decreased incorporation of these APP derivatives into COPI-coated membranes. Sorting of APP derivatives to COPI-coated VTC membranes was not depending on the APP cytosolic tail. In post-Golgi compartments, PS-1 expression enhanced the association of full-length APP/APPs with endosomal compartments at the expense of plasma membrane-bound APP. We conclude that PS-1, in addition to its role in gamma-secretase cleavage, is also required for the subcellular routing of APP and its derivatives. Malfunctioning of PS-1 in this role may have important consequences for the progress of AD.