Journal of materials engineering and performance vol:16 issue:2 pages:208-212
A superplastic Ti-6Al-4V grade has been deformed at a strain rate of 5 x 10(-4) s(-1) and at temperatures up to 1050 degrees C. Structural mechanisms like grain boundary sliding, dynamic recrystallization, and dynamic grain growth, occurring during deformation, have been investigated and mechanical properties such as How stress, strain hardening,, and strain at rupture have been determined. Dynamic recrystallization (DRX) brings on a decrease in the grain size. This could be of great interest because a smaller grain size allows a decrease in temperature for superplastic forming. For DRX, the driving force present in the deformed microstructure must be high enough. This means the temperature must be sufficiently low to ensure storing of enough dislocation energy but must also be high enough to provide the activation energy needed for DRX and to allow superplastic deformation. The best compromise for the temperature was found to be situated at about 800 degrees C; this is quite a bit lower than the 925 degrees C referenced in the literature as the optimum for the superplastic deformation. At this medium temperature the engineering strain that could be reached exceeds 400%, a value high enough to ensure the industrial production of complex parts by the way of the superplastic forming. Microstructural, EBSD, and mechanical investigations were used to describe the observed mechanisms, some of which are concurrent.