Translocation t(5;12)(q33;p13), resulting in an ETV6/PDGFRB gene fusion, is a recurrent chromosomal abnormality associated with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML). An analogous translocation was also found in four cell lines with features of pre-B acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) we show here that in three of these cell lines identical complex rearrangements occurred. However, the regions involved on 5q and 12p are different from the breakpoints in CMML, and the translocation is accompanied by seemingly identical cryptic deletions of both 5q and 12p chromosome sequences in all analyzed pre-B ALL cell lines. The similar cytogenetic, FISH, and immunophenotyping findings in the three cell lines suggest that the t(5;12)(q31q33;p12) defines a new entity of pre-B ALL.