Materials Science and Engineering A, Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing vol:281 issue:1-2 pages:28-36
The chemical interaction of a Si3N4 ceramic with pristine and oxidised 100Cr6 steel was studied by means of static interaction couple experiments between 500 and 1200 degrees C. Si3N4 was not chemically stable in contact with oxidised steel at elevated temperatures, and reacts with the formation of N-2, SiO2 and/or Fe2SiO4 at temperatures at and above 1000 degrees C. At 700 and 500 degrees C, Si diffusion into the oxide layer indicated the dissociation of the Si3N4 ceramic. Si3N4, also dissociated in contact with pristine steel. In the temperature region between 700 and 1100 degrees C, the Si dissolves and diffuses into the steel whereas a nitrogen pressure is built-up in the voids of the metal-ceramic interface, limiting the degree of interaction. Above 1100 degrees C, the nitrogen dissolves and diffuses into the steel as well, enhancing the reactivity and resulting in the formation of a strong metal-ceramic interface. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science S.A. All rights reserved.