Genetic and cellular defects contributing to benign tumor formation in neurofibromatosis type 1
Rutkowski, J L × Wu, K Gutmann, D H Boyer, P J Legius, Eric #
Human Molecular Genetics vol:9 issue:7 pages:1059-66
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a common inherited cancer predisposition syndrome. The NF1 gene product, neurofibromin, is hypothesized to function as a tumor suppressor and nearly all NF1 patients develop benign peripheral nerve tumors. These neurofibromas presumably arise from NF1 inactivation in S100(+)Schwann cells, but there is no formal proof for this mechanism. We demonstrate that fibro-blasts isolated from neurofibromas carried at least one normal NF1 allele and expressed both NF1 mRNA and protein, whereas the S100(+)cells typically lacked the NF1 transcript. Our findings further indicate that additional molecular events aside from NF1 inactivation in Schwann cells and/or other neural crest derivatives contribute to neurofibroma formation.