The effect of calcium on mitochondrial contact sites - a study on isolated rat hearts
Bakker, A Bernaert, I De Bie, M Ravingerova, T Ziegelhoffer, A Van Belle, Hubert Jacob, W #
Elsevier science bv
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. Molecular Cell Research vol:1224 issue:3 pages:583-588
Mitochondrial contact sites are dynamic structures created by fusion of the inner and outer mitochondrial membranes. Stimulation of the metabolism results in an increase of the number of contact sites. Functionally, it is shown that mitochondrial creatine kinase (Mi-CK) is active in contact sites and therefore, Mi-CK cytochemistry was performed (using a tetrazolium salt) to improve the visibility of the contact sites. As calcium is involved as an intracellular messenger of hormonal stimulation, the effect of increasing extracellular calcium concentrations on the number of contact sites was investigated. Therefore, isolated rat hearts were perfused with Krebs-Henseleit buffers differing in their calcium content. During the perfusions the heart function was evaluated and at the end of each experiment, the hearts were processed for Mi CK cytochemistry and the number of contact sites was expressed as the ratio of surface densities contact sites to mitochondrial membranes (S-s). At 2.2 mM calcium perfusion, the physiological parameters and the S, reached a maximum. This was in contrast to the 0.6 and the 3.6 mM of calcium perfusions whereby both the physiological values and the S-s were decreased. Treatment with noradrenaline in vivo, as was done in previous studies or perfusion with 2.2 mM of calcium ends up with similar values for S-s. From these results, it could be suggested that there might be a link between calcium, heart function and the formation of Mi CK active contact sites.